Posted February 18, 2018 05:07:48 The discovery of ancient Egyptian artifacts that date to around 3000 BC has given archaeologists a glimpse of an era when life was much simpler.
The discoveries include a mummy in a clay coffin that had a skeleton in the mouth and a stone carving of a female.
The tomb, dated to between 3000 BC and 2000 BC, was found in a village called Nefer Eshkol in the Upper Nile Delta, in southern Egypt.
The discovery is being published in the journal Antiquity.
“There was a culture there that didn’t require a lot of technology,” said Dr. Alaa Hamdan, the lead author of the paper and an archaeologist with the University of Exeter.
“It was very rural and agricultural.
It was not very connected with a larger culture.”
Hamdan said the village’s architecture suggests it was settled for at least a few generations.
The burial was found when archaeologists were excavating a burial chamber that had been looted.
The archaeologists, led by Dr. Ali Salim, had discovered the tomb after searching for artifacts in the area, which is rich in ancient pottery and precious gems.
They were then able to find a large number of human skeletons in the tomb.
“We think that the people were living a very different life,” said Hamdan.
“The burial chamber is filled with human bones, which we were surprised to find in that state.”
In addition to the mummy, the researchers found two stone carvings of women and a male figure holding a small bowl, which they believe belonged to a male.
“They’re just beautiful,” said Salim.
The find is significant because the remains are dated to around the same time that the first written records about Egypt date.
“If this was a burial of some sort of a leader, it is probably of an important person,” said the lead researcher.
“I think it’s a very interesting find.”
The team plans to use the findings to learn more about the ancient Egyptians and their interactions with the rest of the ancient world.
The findings are being published online by the Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports.